20 Soal (Pilgan) Reading Beserta Jawaban

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Kumpulan Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Reading 
  1. Read the following text and answer number 1-5
    In total, the plant has need of at least 16 elements, of which the most important are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, potassium, calcium, and magnesium.
    The plan obtains carbon and hydrogen dioxide from the atmosphere; other nutrients are taken up from the soil. Althoughthe plant contains sodium, iodine, and cobalt, these are apparently not essential. This is also true of silicon and alumunium.
    Overall chemical analysis indicate that the total supply of nutrients in soils is usually high in comparison with the requirements of crop plants. Much of this potential supply, however, is bound tightly in forms that are not released to crops fast enough to give satisfactory growth. Because of this, the farmer is interested in measuring the available nutrient supply as contrasted to the total quantities.
    Which of the following elements is not taken up from the soil?
    a. Potassium
    b. Magnesium
    c. Carbon
    d. Calcium
  2. Why do farmers prefer considering the only available nutrients to the total quantities of nutrient found in the soil? Because . . . . .
    a. They do to know how to obtain all the nutrients
    b. Chemical analysis indicate that the soil constrains all the nutrients needed
    c. The nutrient are in the soil
    d. Most of the nutrients are bound in compounds
  3. The topic of paragraph three is about . . . . .
    a. The result of chemical analysis
    b. The requirement of crop plants
    c. Giving satisfactory growth to the plants
    d. Measuring the available nutrients supply
  4. How many elements which are not very important can be found in the plants?
    a. Three
    b. Five
    c. Seven
    d. Nine
  5. “the plant obtains carbon and hydrogen dioxide . . . . .”(pharagraph 2). Obtain means
    a. Gets
    b. Takes
    c. Puts
    d. Gives
  6. Questions 6-15 refer to the following passage.
    The most familiar speleothems (from the Greek word spelaion for the cave and thema for deposit), the decorative dripstone features found in caves, are stalactites and stalagmites. Stalactites hang downward from the ceiling of the cave and are formed as drop after drop of water slowly trickles through crack on the cave roof. Stalagmites grow upward from the floor of the cave, generally as a result of water dripping from an overhead stalactite. A column forms when a stalactite and a stalagmite grow until they join. A “curtain” or “drapery” begins to form on an inclined ceiling when drops of water trickle along a slope.
    Natural openings on the surface that lead to caves are called sinkholes. or swallow holes. Streams sometimes disappear down these holes and flow through the cavern. Rivers may flow from one mountain to another through a series of caves . Some caverns have sinkholes in their floors. Water often builds up a rim of dripstone around the edge of the hole. Dripping water often contains dissolved minerals as well as acid. These minerals too will be deposited; and they may give rich coloring to the deposits. If minerals in the water change, layers of different colors may be formed.
    Stalagmites are formed by …
    a. Drops of water which enter through cracks in the ceiling.
    b. Underground rivers which flow through the cave.
    c. Water dripping from an overhead stalactite.
    d. Water which trickles down a slope.
  7. Sinkholes are …
    a. The decorative dripstone features found in caves.
    b. Natural openings on the surface that lead to caves.
    c. Colorful layers of mineral deposits.
    d. None of the above
  8. Which speleothem grows upward from the floor?
    a. Stalagmites
    b. Stalactites
    c. Sinkholes
    d. Curtains
  9. An “inclined ceiling” is one which …
    a. is straight.
    b. is crooked.
    c. is slanted.
    d. is wet.
  10. Which of the following are NOT caused by dripping water?
    a. Stalactites
    b. Stalagmites
    c. Slopes
    d. Curtains
  11. The information in the passage is most relevant to which field of study?
    a. Geography
    b. Archaeology
    c. Physics
    d. Geology
  12. Curtains” can also be called …
    a. Column.
    b. Draperies.
    c. Stalagmites.
    d. Rims.
  13. The word speleothem comes from which language?
    a. Latin
    b. French
    c. Greek
    d. English
  14. Stalagmites are formed by …
    a. Drops of water which enter the cave through cracks in the ceiling.
    b. Underground rivers which flow through the cave.
    c. Water which seeps through the cave floor.
    d. Water which trickles down a slope.
  15. Which speleothem hangs from the ceiling of a cave?
    a. Stalagmites
    b. Stalactites
    c. Columns
    d. Rimstones
  16. Read the following text and answer question 16-20
    I love dogs very much. I keep some dogs in my house. They are Casper, Midas, Brownie and Dottie. Casper is a dachshund. He’s short with long body and four strong legs. Brownie is a collie. She has long and thick fur. What color is her fur? Brown, of course that’s why I call her Brownie. Dottie is a Dalmatian. She has a slim body and four long legs. She has thin fur and dots all over her body. The last is Midas. He is a bulldog. He has a large head, a short neck and thick short legs. He’s very strong. I always take care of my dogs every day.
    What kind of text is the text above?
    a. Recount
    b. Descriptive
    c. Narrative
    d. Report
  17. The generic structure of the text is ….
    a. description – identification
    b. Identification – description
    c. Orientation – events – Reorientation
    d. Reorientation – events – Orientation
  18. “She has long and thick fur”. The antonym of the underlined word is…
    a. Heavy
    b. Length
    c. Short
    d. Fragnant
  19. He’s short with long body and four strong legs’
    the sentence is one of the ……… of the text.
    a. Events
    b. Orientations
    c. Identifications
    d. Descriptions
  20. How many dogs does the writer have?
    a. 1 
    b. 3 
    c. 5
    d. 4
Jawaban:
  1. b. Magnesium
  2. b. Chemical analysis indicate that the soil constrains all the nutrients needed
  3. a. The result of chemical analysis
  4. b. Five
  5. a. Gets
  6. c. Water dripping from an overhead stalactite.
  7. b. Natural openings on the surface that lead to caves.
  8. a. Stalagmites
  9. c. is slanted.
  10. c. Slopes
  11. d. Geology
  12. b. Draperies.
  13. c. Greek
  14. a. Drops of water which enter the cave through cracks in the ceiling.
  15. b. Stalactites
  16. b. Descriptive
  17. b. Identification – description
  18. c. Short
  19. d. Descriptions
  20. d. 4
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