43 Soal Report Text Lengkap Jawaban

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Latihan Soal Pilihan Ganda Bab Report Text 
  1. Read the following text to answer questions number 1-3
    Butterflies are a type of insect with large and often colorful wings. They start out as eggs. They lay their eggs on leaves. The eggs hatch into caterpillars with tabular body. The caterpillar eats leaves, beds, or flowers of plants. When a caterpillar is full sized, it goes into another stage called chrysalis. Caterpillars attach themselves to something solid before becoming a chrysalis. The caterpillar inside the chrysalis changes into a butterfly. Some butterflies make the change in one week. Some others take years to change. When the change is complete, the adult butterfly splits the chrysalis. The insect unfolds its wings and pumps blood and air into then. It spreads out the wings until they become dry and harder. The beautiful butterfly then flies to get nectar from flowers. Most butterflies live only for one or two weeks. 
    What is the text mostly about?
    a. Butterflies’ life stages
    b. How a caterpillar lives
    c. How butterflies lay their eggs
    d. Physical characteristics of butterflies 
  2. Why do butterflies fly to some flowers?
    a. To get nectar
    b. To pump blood
    c. To get some food
    d. To dry their wings 
  3. Where does a caterpillar change into a butterfly?
    a. On the flower
    b. On the leaves
    c. Inside the chrysalis
    d. Inside the nectar 
  4. Read the following text to answer questions number 4-6
    Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money. Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold. It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks. Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.
    The best title of the text above is …..
    a. Gold
    b. Metal
    c. Rare Metal
    d. Beautiful Ornaments
  5. The text above is mainly intended to …. about gold.
    a. Classify
    b. Discuss
    c. Describe
    d. Elaborate
  6. “It will be priced forever because….” The underlined word means … 
    a. Amazing
    b. Valuable
    c. Worthless
    d. Greatness
  7. Read the following text to answer questions number 7-8
    Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head and beak. Even the smallest eagles, like the booted eagle (Aquila pennata) (which is comparable in size to a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) or red-tailed hawk (B. jamaicensis)), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight – despite the reduced size of aerodynamic feathers. Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from some vultures. The smallest species of eagle is the South Nicobar serpent eagle (Spilornis klossi), at 450 g (0.99 lb) and 40 cm (16 in). The largest species are discussed below. Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large hooked beaks for ripping flesh from their prey, strong muscular legs, and powerful talons. The beak is typically heavier than that of most other birds of prey. Eagles’ eyes are extremely powerful, having up to 3.6 times human acuity for the martial eagle, which enables them to spot potential prey from a very long distance.This keen eyesight is primarily attributed to their extremely large pupils which ensure minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light. The female of all known species of eagles is larger than the male.
    What is the smallest eagle that mention on the text?
    a. Spilornis klossi.
    b. Red tailed hawk.
    c. Aquila pennata.
    d. Buzzard.
  8. From the text we know that …
    a. Eagle are the smallest bird.
    b. Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey.
    c. Eagles are weak bird.
    d. No one want to pet eagles.
  9. Question for number 9-13
    Whales are sea-living mammals. They therefore breathe air but cannot survive or land. Some species are very large indeed and the blue whale, which can exceed 30 meter length, is the largest animal which lives on earth. Superficially, the whale looks rather like a fish, but there are important difference in its external structure; its tail consists of a pair of broad, flat horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its breadth, broad head. The skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lies a layer of flat (blubber). This is up to 30 meter in thickness and serves to conserve heat and body fluids.
    What is the text about?
    a. Sea-living mammals
    b. The description of mammals
    c. The difference between whales and fish
    d. Whales
  10. The length of a whale is……..
    a. Is generally more than 30 meter
    b. May be more than 30 meter
    c. Is less than 30 meter
    d. Ranges from 30 meter to more than 30 meter
  11. Sentence 1………….
    a. Tells an orientation
    b. Poses a thesis
    c. Shows an abstract
    d. Gives a general classification
  12. What type of text is used by the writer?
    a. Narrative
    b. Report
    c. Recount
    d. News items
  13. To tell the factual information, the writer uses…….
    a. Passive voice
    b. Direct speech
    c. Reported speech
    d. Simple present tense
  14. Read the following text to answer questions number 14-15
    Roy Hodgson has admitted he did not want his 40-year coaching career to end on the sour note of England’s humiliating defeat against Iceland at Euro 2016 after taking up the reins back at his first club, Crystal Palace, in the Premier League. The former national manager will oversee his first training session at Palace’s Beckenham training ground on Wednesday after signing a two-year contract to succeed Frank de Boer. The Dutchman was sacked this week after only 77 days and four top-flight games in charge, with all of those matches lost without a goal scored en route to leave Palace propping up the Premier League with a daunting run of fixtures ahead. Hodgson, whose first game in charge will be against Southampton on Saturday, had graduated through the youth‑team ranks at Palace, his local club, in the 1960s and has spoken of his pride at a homecoming. Yet he has also admitted the desire to erase memories of that defeat at Nice’s Allianz Riviera last June, which ended his four-year spell with the national team. […] (The Guardian, 12 September 2017)
    Roy Hodgson will manage club …
    a. Manchester United
    b. Southhampton
    c. Crystal Palace
    d. Manchester City
  15. Before manage’s a Premier League club, Roy Hodgson manage …
    a. Another clubs
    b. Argentina clubs
    c. AC Milan
    d. England National Team
  16. Question for number 16-20
    For many years people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is a proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes. Although a dolphin lives in the sea, it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being. Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But, this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand. Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous waters.
    The text above is in the form of………….
    a. Spoof
    b. Report
    c. Recount
    d. Procedure
  17. To tell the factual information, the writer mostly uses…………
    a. Passive voice
    b. Simple past tense
    c. Present perfect tense
    d. Simple present tense
  18. What kind of animal is dolphin?
    a. Insect
    b. Fish
    c. Mammal
    d. Bird
  19. Why talking to dolphin is not easy?
    a. Dolphins cannot hear the kind of man’s sounds
    b. Dolphins cannot think as human
    c. Dolphins like playing with man
    d. Dolphins feel annoyed by man
  20. What is the characteristic of dolphin according to the text?
    a. Fierce
    b. Friendly
    c. Naughty
    d. Shy
  21. Question for number 21-24
    Jasmine is a native flower to some tropical areas in South Asia, Africa and Australia. In India, some varieties of Jasmine are used for religious purposes. The flower can grow up to 3 meters high and 2 meters wide. It releases its fragrance mostly after the sun sets especially nearing the full moon. Therefore, it is often associated with soothing night- time moods. The planting of Jasmine is started by putting some cuttings in 3 inch posts within 4 weeks. After the roots grow, they are put into 6 inch pots. The soil in the pots should be kept moist but possible for the water to go through it for optimum growth. There are some important advantages of Jasmine. In medication, this flower is often used for soothing headaches, stimulating brain, and restoring balance. Its extract is also widely used in the making of perfume. 
    When does Jasmine release the most fragrance?
    a. In the morning
    b. In the evening
    c. In the afternoon
    d. At dawn 
  22. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
    a. Jasmine is grown worldwide
    b. Jasmine has various benefits
    c. Jasmine can cause headache
    d. There are some varieties of Jasmine 
  23. The underlined word in ” … it is often associated with …”, is closest in meaning to ….
    a. Attached
    b. Connected
    c. Compared
    d. Propagated 
  24. In planting Jasmine, the soil should be kept moist to make it ….
    a. Go through the water easily
    b. Grow up to 6 inch in length
    c. Produce optimum fragrance
    d. Grow optimally 
  25. Question for number 25-29
    Antibiotic is kind of compounds both natural and synthetic, which has function to press or stop a process of organism’s growth, particularly bacteria. Antibiotic is used to treat bacterial infections and used as a tool for genetic engineering in biotechnology. Antibiotic works as pesticides by pressing or break the chain of bacteria’s metabolism. Nevertheless, antibiotic is different with disinfectant in the process to kills bacteria. Disinfectant kills bacteria by creating an unnatural environment for germs to live. In terms of treatment, antibiotics dubbed as “magic bullet “because antibiotic kills instantly without injuring its sufferers. Although antibiotic is good for medication, it is not effective in handling infection caused by viruses, fungi, or other nonbacterial. Antibiotic has diverse types based on their effectiveness against bacteria. There are antibiotics that target gram- negative or gram- positive bacteria and some antibiotic has wider spectrum. The effectiveness depends on location of the infection and the ability of antibiotic to reach location of the infection. Based on how to use, antibiotics are divided into two that are oral antibiotics and antibiotic intradermal. An oral antibiotic is used by mouth while antibiotic intradermal used through anus. Intradermal antibiotic is used for serious cases.
    What is the best tittle for the text above?
    a. How antibiotic is work
    b. The invention of antibiotic
    c. Antibiotic
    d. Kinds of antibiotic
  26. Which one is not true?
    a. Antibiotic is used to treat bacterial infections
    b. Antibiotic is not same with disinfectant
    c. Antibiotic kills instantly without injuring its sufferers
    d. Antibiotic is effective in handling infection caused by viruses
  27.  In terms of treatment, antibiotics dubbed as “magic bullet “…. 
    The underline word close in meaning to….
    a. Work
    b. Seen
    c. Say
    d. Call
  28. What is the purpose of the text above?
    a. To inform about antibiotic
    b. To describe about antibiotic
    c. To inform about disinfectant
    d. To describe about antibiotic
  29. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
    a. Antibiotic is a compound
    b. Antibiotic is good for medication
    c. Antibiotic is not good for fungi
    d. Antibiotic kill without injuring its suffers
  30. Question for number 30-32
    Jellyfish are not really fish. They are invertebrate animals. This means that unlike fish or people, they have no backbones. In fact, they have no bones at all. Jellyfish have stomachs and mouths, but no heads. They have nervous systems for sensing the world around them, but no brains. They are made almost entirely of water, which is why you can look through them. Some jellyfish can glow in darkness by making their own light. The light is made by a chemical reaction inside the jellyfish. Scientists believe jellyfish glow for several reasons. For example, they may glow to scare away predators or to attract animals they like to eat. Most jellyfish live in salt water, apart from a few types that live in fresh water. Jellyfish are found in oceans and seas all over the world. They live in warm, tropical seas and in icy waters near the North and South poles. 
    Which one creates Jellyfish’s light?
    a. Ocean 
    b. Stomachs and mouths
    c. Chemical reaction 
    d. Salt water
  31. Based on the text, we know that….
    a. They don’t have brain, only stomachs, and mouths
    b. They glow when they sleep
    c. They live in the lake
    d. They are part of fish
  32. What is the text about?
    a. Kinds of all really not fish
    b. Jellyfish
    c. Salt water animals
    d. Some kinds of sea animals
  33. Read the following text to answer questions number 33 to 35.
    An eclipse is an astronomical event that occurs when one celestial object moves into the shadow of another. The term is most often used to describe either a solar eclipse, when the Moon’s shadow crosses the Earth’s surface, or a lunar eclipse, when the Moon moves into the shadow of Earth. Eclipses may occur when the Earth and Moon are aligned with the Sun, and the shadow of one body cast by the Sun falls on the other. So at New Moon (or rather Dark Moon), when the Moon is in conjunction with the Sun, the Moon may pass in front of the Sun as seen from a narrow region on the surface of the Earth and cause a solar eclipse. At Full Moon, when the Moon is in opposition to the Sun, the Moon may pass through the shadow of the Earth, and a lunar eclipse is visible from the night half of the Earth. An eclipse does not happen at every New or Full Moon, because the plane of the orbit of the Moon around the Earth is tilted with respect to the plane of the orbit of the Earth around the Sun, so as seen from the Earth, when the Moon is nearest to the Sun (New Moon) or at largest distance (Full Moon), the three bodies usually are not exactly on the same line. 
    When does lunar eclipse happen?
    a. In the morning
    b. In the afternoon
    c. In the evening
    d. In the midday 
  34. What is the main idea of the third paragraph?
    a. We can see the surface of the Moon from the Earth
    b. The Sun is the biggest planet in our solar system
    c. An eclipse never happens at New or Full Moon
    d. The Sun and the Moon rotate on the same line 
  35. What will happen if the Moon’s shadow crosses the Earth’s surface? There will be ….
    a. A lunar eclipse
    b. Solar eclipse
    c. New moon
    d. Full moon 
  36. Question for number 36-40
    Giraffe is the highest animal in the world. Its height can reach 4.8 to 5.5 meters and its weight about 1360 pounds. Giraffe has a unique characteristic. They have a very long neck and two small horns on its head. Giraffes have big brown eyes and protected by thick and long eyebrows. Her body is covered with a unique pattern that is attached by brown spots all over their body. Just like camels, giraffes can survive without drinking for long time because giraffes can rely on the water contained in leaves they eat. Giraffes are very selective in choosing food. They always eat young leaves that grow in the tree tops. Their tongue shaped like a knife help them to cut branches which are very hard. Female giraffes can start pregnant at the age of five years, with a gestation period of 15 months. Commonly female giraffe bear one baby, but sometimes two babies at once. Giraffes bear its baby with a standing position. When the baby is about to be born, they just drop it to the ground from a 1.5 meter of height. Baby giraffe can stand with about 20 minutes since being born, and begin breastfeeding within an hour of birth.
    What kind of text above?
    a. Report text
    b. Descriptive text
    c. Narrative text
    d. Spoof
  37. The text tells us about?
    a. Giraffe’s reproduction
    b. The strange animals
    c. The highest animal
    d. Baby giraffe
  38. The unique characteristic of giraffe is?
    a. Two horns on its head
    b. Their long neck
    c. Brown spot
    d. Their food
  39. The second paragraph mainly discussed about?
    a. Giraffe’s food
    b. Giraffe’s characteristic
    c. Giraffe’s life
    d. Giraffe’s reproduction
  40. The word “it” in third paragraph refers to?
    a. Neck
    b. Horn
    c. Baby giraffe
    d. Food
  41. Question for number 41-43
    Giraffe is the highest animal in the world. Its height can reach 4.8 to 5.5 meters and its weight about 1360 pounds. Giraffe has a unique characteristic. They have a very long neck and two small horns on its head. Giraffes have big brown eyes and protected by thick and long eyebrows. Her body is covered with a unique pattern that is attached by brown spots all over their body. Just like camels, giraffes can survive without drinking for long time because giraffes can rely on the water contained in leaves they eat. Giraffes are very selective in choosing food. They always eat young leaves that grow in the tree tops. Their tongue shaped like a knife help them to cut branches which are very hard. Female giraffes can start pregnant at the age of five years, with a gestation period of 15 months. Commonly female giraffe bear one baby, but sometimes two babies at once. Giraffes bear its baby with a standing position. When the baby is about to be born, they just drop it to the ground from a 1.5 meter of height. Baby giraffe can stand with about 20 minutes since being born, and begin breastfeeding within an hour of birth.
    What kind of text above?
    a. Daily news
    b. Descriptive text
    c. Narrative text
    d. Report text
  42. The text tells us about?
    a. Giraffe’s long neck
    b. Animals that can survive without drinking for long time
    c. The highest animal
    d. Pregnant giraffe
  43. The word “its” in third paragraph refers to?
    a. Neck
    b. Leaves
    c. Baby giraffe
    d. Branches
Jawaban:
  1. a. Butterflies’ life stages
  2. a. To get nectar
  3. c. Inside the chrysalis
  4. a. Gold
  5. c. Describe
  6. b. Valuable
  7. a. Spilornis klossi.
  8. b. Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey.
  9. d. Whales
  10. b. May be more than 30 meter
  11. d. Gives a general classification
  12. b. Report
  13. d. Simple present tense
  14. c. Crystal Palace
  15. d. England National Team
  16. b. Report
  17. d. Simple present tense
  18. c. Mammal
  19. a. Dolphins cannot hear the kind of man’s sounds
  20. b. Friendly
  21. c. Baby giraffe
  22. b. In the evening
  23. b. Jasmine has various benefits
  24. b. Connected
  25. d. Grow optimally 
  26. c. Antibiotic
  27. c. Antibiotic kills instantly without injuring its sufferers
  28. d. Call
  29. a. To inform about antibiotic
  30. b. Antibiotic is good for medication
  31. c. Chemical reaction 
  32. a. They don’t have brain, only stomachs, and mouths
  33. b. Jellyfish
  34. c. In the evening
  35. c. An eclipse never happens at New or Full Moon
  36. b. Solar eclipse
  37. a. Report text
  38. c. The highest animal
  39. b. Their long neck
  40. a. Giraffe’s food
  41. c. Baby giraffe
  42. d. Report text
  43. c. The highest animal