Latihan Soal Ujian Nasional SMA Bahasa Inggris 2020 dan Pembahasannya

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Soal Ujian Nasional SMA Bahasa Inggris 2020. Sebenarnya mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris itu nggak susah kok lho. Terlebih di zaman modern seperti saat ini, kamu dituntut untuk paham bahasa internasional tersebut. Setelah lulus SMA nanti, kalau pun kamu terjun di dunia pekerjaan, kemampuan berbahasa Inggris pun sangat diperlukan. Untuk dapat membantu persiapan kamu menghadapi ujian nasional 2020 nanti, mari kita pelajari bareng latihan soal berikut:

1) Topik : Expression

Sub Topik : Topic of the Dialog

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasikan topik dialog secara tepat


Rina : What are you thinking about?

Dino : I’m thinking about my plan after graduating from Senior High School.

Rina : Can you tell me your plan?

Dino : My parents asked me to study in Turkey since its higher education there is cheaper than here. But, it’s kind of hard for me to live far away from my family. What about yours?

Rina : I think it’s a good idea. Living far away from your parents will teach you how to be an independent man. I’ll be studying at IIUM majoring in international relations. I want to be a diplomat.

Dino : That sounds great. It means that you’re going to live far away from your parents as well?

Rina : Yes. I want to be independent. Of course, I’ll be missing them, but I think it’s going to be a great challenge for me.


What is the main topic of the conversation above?

A. Studying in Turkey is cheaper

B. Asking suggesting about study

C. Discussing about plan after graduation

D. Living far away from parents is difficult

E. Majoring in politics is great

Jawaban: C


Yang dibahas kedua orang pada dialog di atas adalah mengenai rencana setelah kelulusan mereka, secara spesifik rencana studi di perguruan tinggi, maka jawaban C yang tepat.


2) Topik : Expression

Sub Topik : Topic of the Dialog

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasikan topik dialog secara tepat


Aziz : Did you go to the National Library yesterday?

Azka : Yes, I did. How did you know?

Aziz : Actually, I also went to the National Library. But, when you arrived, I was about to leave since I went there with my sister and she asked me to go home soon.

Azka : I see. Do you go there a lot?

Aziz : 4Not really. I just accompanied my sister because she is doing her thesis now. Do you often go the National Library?

Azka : Yes. I always go there whenever I have free time. I love reading books. It’s also cosy.

Aziz : Cool. That’s why you’re a very smart student. You read a lot.

Azka : Well, reading books always opens mind. Anyways, how do you spend your free time?

Aziz : I play football with my friends. I also love cooking in my free time.

Azka : You can cook? What food can you cook?

Aziz : Yes, I can. Normally, I cook western food like pizza and spaghetti.

Azka : You should give me your cooking.

Aziz : Sure. Please come to my house tomorrow. I’ll cook for you.

Azka : I wish I could. I need to go to Bogor tomorrow. Maybe, next time.

What does the man imply by saying “not really”?

A. He often goes to the National Library.

B. He doesn’t like the National Library.

C. He has never been to the National Library.

D. He loves going to the National Library.

E. He seldom goes to the National Library.

Jawaban: E


Maksud kata tersebut adalah ia tidak sering atau jarang ke perpustakaan nasional, petunjuknya adalah dialog sebelumnya yaitu “Do you go there a lot?”, maka jawaban E yang tepat.


3) Topik : Short Functional Text

Sub Topik : Topic of Passage

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasi topik pada teks pengumuman

un soal no 3

What is the topic of the announcement above?

A. Students’ association

B. Teachers’ gathering

C. Students’ association office

D. School’s gathering

E. Students’ gathering

Jawaban : E

Pembahasan :

Petunjuknya adalah kalimat “The Students’ Association will hold a student gathering for students…”, maka yang tepat pengumuman tersebut mengenai “students’ gathering”, yaitu jawaban E.


4) Topik : Recount Text

Sub Topik : Specific Info

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat menjelaskan permasalahan yang muncul pada teks

My first time experience in Bali

At 55 I have just gone to Bali for the first time with my husband. We stayed in Seminyak and had a wonderful time. We took Jetstar in economy over and were in 2nd last row and even then by time off plane purchasing VOA and Immigration took about 1 hour – wasn’t too bad. Departing last night, Jetstar was late by one hour but we had paid to go Business class so it was not that bad. We sat in Premier Lounge – not a great selection of food or wine (wine is my thing) but it was enjoyable anyway. Of course, new airport is underway and things may be different once that is up and running. We didn’t get sick or robbed or bitten. Yes, footpaths are broken and or missing and some smells but that didn’t 16deter us. People were friendly and so polite. The weather was just fantastic. When asked to take what looked like post cards we politely said “no thank you ” and that was the last of it. Bintang beer mostly $2.50 very cheap and was the food and we ate in good restaurants – La Lucciola, Breeze, Sardine, Sarong and Metis. As we had breakfast supplied at The Samaya we didn’t need lunch and we were given fruit salad by the pool and afternoon tea so only dinner was required. We enjoyed Sarong in particular. We used hand sanitizer and luckily for us we didn’t get the dreaded dire – rear. A driver took us to Ubud and Jimbaran Bay and through Kuta. Mostly this was a relaxing one week there. Manicures, pedicures, hair, massage were so cheap – roughly $8 – we had these done at Body Works in Seminyak. I also had Wendy the dressmaker come to our hotel and made me skirts which I was very happy with. This morning in Sydney airport, it took us just 30 minutes to be off the plane and into a taxi. Jetstar made up time flying home – only 5 hours and 10 minutes. It was all a breeze. Bali had never been on my to do list, but I will be going back that is for sure.



What happened when they were about to leave for Bali?

A. They needed to cancel their trip.

B. They needed to put their trip off.

C. The plane crashed.

D. The adverse weather prompted the plane to delay.

E. The plane was late for an hour.

Jawbaan: E


Pada bagian awal teks terdapat kalimat “… and even then by time off plane purchasing VOA and Immigration took about 1 hour – wasn’t too bad” yang artinya ketika mereka akan berangkat ke Bali dengan pesawat, keberangkatannya harus tertunda selama 1 jam, maka jawaban E yang tepat.


Text for questions number 5-6


Visit the PayPal website or open the PayPal app. You can create an account from the PayPal homepage or from the app. You can install the app for free from your device’s app store. The account creation process is largely the same for both the website and the app.

Click “Sign Up for Free” or tap “Sign Up”. This will begin the account creation process.

· For business accounts, there are two different options, each of which has different cost structures and benefits. Standard accounts are free, but customers must route through PayPal in order to check out. Pro accounts cost $30 per month, but you get to full control over how you want to design the checkout process.

· The Standard free business account is the same as the old PayPal Premier account. This account is best suited for users who do lots of buying and selling on eBay.

Enter your email address and create a password. Make sure that you create a strong password so that nobody else can access your financial information.

· Make sure that you enter a valid email address, as you’ll need to use it to verify your account.

Fill out the form with your personal information. You’ll need to enter your legal name, address, and phone number. All of this information is required in order to create your account.

Enter your credit or debit card (optional). After entering your personal information, you’ll be prompted to enter your credit or debit card. You can enter this now or later, but you’ll need to at some point if you want to verify your PayPal account.

· If you don’t want to enter your card information now, click “I’d rather link my bank first”.

Enter your bank account information (optional). You’ll need a bank account linked if you plan on receiving money and want to be able to transfer it to your bank. You don’t have to do this now if you don’t want to. Just click “I’ll link my bank later” to skip it for now. You’ll be prompted to confirm that you want to skip the process.

Apply for PayPal credit (optional). Before you’re taken to your account’s Summary page, PayPal will prompt you to sign up for a line of credit. This is optional, and you should read all of the terms carefully before applying. If you’d rather not apply for credit, click “No thanks”.



5) Topik : Procedure

Sub Topik : Purpose of Text

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasikan tujuan teks prosedur

What is the purpose of the text above?

A. To describe what the PayPal website is

B. To give a brief hint how to use PayPal credit

C. To explain how to register a new bank account

D. To explain how to verify your PayPal account

E. To explain how to create a PayPal account

Jawaban: E


Judul yang diawali dengan kata “How to…” biasanya merupakan teks procedure. Tujuan dari teks ini adalah untuk menjelaskan cara untuk membuat atau menjalankan sesuatu, maka jawaban yang tepat adalah E (menjelaskan cara membuat akun PayPal).


6) Topik : Procedure

Sub Topik : Sentence Restatement

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat membandingkan makna yang setara dengan kalimat yang muncul pada teks prosedur

The sentence ‘You can create an account from the PayPal homepage or from the app.’ could possibly restated as…

A. You need to create an account with both the PayPal homepage and the app.

B. You can make an account either from the PayPal homepage or the app.

C. You don’t need to create an account from the PayPal homepage or from the app.

D. You are obliged to create an account on the PayPal homepage and the app.

E. You can only create an account from the PayPal homepage not the app.

Jawaban: B


Maksud dari kalimat tersebut adalah anda dapat membuat akun dari halaman situs PayPal atau dapat melalui aplikasinya, maka kalimat yang sama artinya dengan kalimat pada soal adalah jawaban B (anda dapat membuat akun baik dari situs PayPal maupun aplikasinya), jadi dapat dari keduanya, jawaban lain bermakna hanya dapat dari salah satu channel saja.


Text for questions number 7-8

The Real Reason Why TV Is Bad for the Kids

“Books are good for children.” “TV is bad for children.” Everyone seems to know this. In the same way that we know that we should be eating lots of fruits and vegetables and limiting sweets, we all know that kids should spend a lot of time with books and relatively little time with TV.

But why? Can’t kids learn just as much from TV as they do from books? There is no doubt that TV can be educational. But one of the unforeseen consequences of TV viewing is reducing how much parents talk with their children. And diminished parent-child interaction can have negative effects on children, especially when they are young.

In a recent study of toddlers and pre-schoolers, we observed mothers and their children while they read books, watched a pro-social TV program, or played with toys. We found TV viewing suppressed both the amount and quality of mother-child communication. That is, moms made relatively few comments to their children while co-viewing. When they did speak, their comments were often unrelated to what their child said, thereby creating an unproductive exchange that could hinder children’s opportunity for learning.

Moms who read books to their children, however, not only talked significantly more but also used a very high-quality form of communication that included asking questions, labelling objects, affirming their child, and responding to their child’s statements or questions with relevant information. It is important to note that the increased quantity and quality of communication was not due to the fact that moms were reading the words on the pages. Instead, this difference reflected the communication that occurred above and beyond the actual reading that the mother did with the child.

Playing with toys also elicited a high amount of communication, including some high-quality forms of interaction. Although not better than books, toy playing was significantly better than shared TV viewing at encouraging communication.

With these results in mind, let’s consider the child who spends a good chunk of the day watching TV. From this perspective, the problem is not necessarily what content, either good or bad, the child has experienced (of course content does make a difference too). Instead, the problem is what this child is missing. Young children who watch lots of TV may be missing out on valuable – even crucial – interactions with parents during a critical point in their development. Parent-child interaction, even with children who can’t yet speak, is vital to children’s healthy development.

The American Academy of Pediatrics just released their updated TV guidelines for children ages 2 and under. In their statement, they discourage all TV viewing for children in this age group. Part of the justification for their recommendation is that TV viewing reduces parent-child communication.

Some parents may believe that they can’t offer their children the kinds of educational experiences that TV provides. But they are wrong. Children learn the best from real people, especially people who are important to them. When parents talk with their children, they not only promote their language development but also teach their children that they are valued and important. Reading books and turning off the TV can facilitate these positive interactions.

Written by Amy Nathanson Ph.D



7) Topik : Exposition

Sub Topik : Topic of Passage

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasi topik pada teks eksposisi


What is the topic of the passage above?

A. TV isn’t good for children.

B. TV isn’t educational enough for children.

C. Books are better for children.

D. Books and TV aren’t good for children.

E. Toy playing is better than TV for kids.

Jawaban: B


Topik dari teks di atas yaitu mengenai TV yang kurang edukatif bagi anak-anak karena mengurangi frekuensi komunikasi dengan orang tua. Disebutkan pada paragraf 2 bahwa TV itu edukatif tetapi tidak cukup edukatif bagi anak-anak, maka jawaban B yang tepat


8) Topik : Exposition

Sub Topik : True/False

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat menganalisis pernyataa yang sesuai/tidak sesuai dengan informasi yang disampaikan pada teks eksposisi


Which of these following sentence is true about TV?

A. TV increases interaction between children and their mothers.

B. TV is worse than toy playing for kids.

C. TV doesn’t diminish how much children talk to their parents.

D. TV decreases interaction between children and parents.

E. TV isn’t worse than toy playing for kids.

Jawaban: D


Yang benar tentang TV adalah jawaban D yaitu mengurangi interaksi anak dengan orang tua, jawaban lainnya salah karena justru memaparkan fakta (pada teks) yang sebaliknya.


Text for questions number 9-10

A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s surface where molten rock can escape from underneath. The Earth’s surface is made up of tectonic plates, which are spreading apart, crunching into each other, or sliding beside one another. Volcanoes are typically found at the fault lines between these plates. There can be active volcanoes, which are currently, or have recently erupted. There are also dormant volcanoes, which haven’t erupted recently, and extinct volcanoes, which will never erupt again.

There are 4 major types of volcanoes:

Cinder Cone Volcanoes

These are the simplest type of volcano. They occur when particles and blobs of lava are ejected from a volcanic vent. The lava is blown violently into the air, and the pieces rain down around the vent. Over time, this builds up a circular or oval-shaped cone, with a bowl-shaped crater at the top. Cinder cone volcanoes rarely grow larger than about 1,000 feet above their surroundings.

Composite Volcanoes

Composite volcanoes, or strato volcanoes make up some of the world’s most memorable mountains: Mount Rainier, Mount Fuji, and Mount Cotopaxi, for example. These volcanoes have a conduit system inside them that channels magma from deep within the Earth to the surface. They can have clusters of vents, with lava breaking through walls, or issuing from fissures on the sides of the mountain. With all this material coming out, they can grow thousands of meters tall. As we’ve seen with the famous Mount Saint Helens, composite volcanoes can explode violently.

Shield Volcanoes

These are large, broad volcanoes that look like shields from above – hence the name. The lava that pours out of shield volcanoes is thin, so it can travel for great distances down the shallow slopes of the volcano. These volcanoes build up slowly over time, with hundreds of eruptions, creating many layers. They’re not likely to explode catastrophically. Perhaps the best-known shield volcanoes are the ones that make up the Hawaiian Islands, especially Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea.

Lava Domes

Volcanic or lava domes are created by small masses of lava which are too viscous (thick) to flow very far. Unlike shield volcanoes, with low-viscosity lava, the magma from volcanic domes just piles up over and around the vent. The dome grows by expansion of the lava within, and the mountain forms from material spilling off the sides of the growing dome. Lava domes can explode violently, releasing a huge amount of hot rock and ash.



9) Topik : Report Text

Sub Topik : Topic of Passage

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasi topik pada teks laporan


What is the topic of the passage above?

A. The definition of volcano

B. The classification of volcano

C. The meaning of volcano

D. The classification of shield volcano

E. The definition of composite volcano

Jawaban: B


Teks di atas membahas mengenai gunung api beserta pengelompokkannya secara umum, maka jawaban yang tepat adalah B. Jawaban A dan C berarti hanya membahas definisinya saja, D dan E hanya membahas jenis gunung api tertentu.


10) Topik : Report Text

Sub Topik : Specific Info

Indikator : Peserta didik dapat menganalisis informasi mengenai objek yang terdapat pada teks laporan


Which volcano has low-viscosity lava?

A. Composite volcano

B. Shield volcano

C. Explosion volcano

D. Cinder Cone

E. Lava volcano

Jawaban: B


Kalimat kunci dari pertanyaan di atas adalah : Unlike shield volcanoes, with low-viscosity lava … yang bermakna ‘Tidak seperti gunung berapi shield, dengan lava viskositas rendah….’ Berdasarkan hal ini, dengan jelas bisa kita ketahui bahwasanya jawaban dari pertanyaan di atas adalah B (shield volcano).

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