Pada post kali ini kita akan berlatih soal mengenai bentuk simple past tense dalam teks narrative. Seperti kita ketahui, teks narrative (narrative text) merupakan teks yang bertujuan untuk menghibur pembaca dengan pengalaman nyata atau khayal (to entertain/ amuse the readers and to deal with actual or variuous experience ).
Narrative text memiliki ciri- ciri yang spesifik yaitu adanya unsur konflik ( masalah) dan penyelesaian ( resolusi). Jumlah permasalahan yang dijabarkan bisa saja satu atau lebih dari satu.
Beberapa jenis narrative teks yang sering kita temukan adalah berbentuk cerita peri ( fairy stories), misteri ( mysteries), fiksi ilmiah ( science fiction), roman, cerita horor, cerita petualangan, fabel, mitos dan legenda, sejarah, balad, penggalan kisah hidup seseorang, ataupun pengalaman pribadi.
Secara kebahasaan, narrative text memiliki beberapa hal yang harus diperhatikan antara lain sebagai berikut;
- Focus on spesific participants
- Use of past tense
- Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances
- Use of material ( or action) process
- Use of relational and mental process.
- Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, misalnya housework, stepsisters
- Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase, misalnya: two red apples, old wood house
- Time connectives and conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian misalnya then, before that, dsb.
- Adverbs and adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya here, in the wood, happily ever after, dsb.
- Action verbs dalam past tense, misalnya lived, stayed, left, dsb.
- Saying verbs yang menandai ucapan seperti said
Nah, pada poin nomor dua diatas, kalimat dalam narrative text menggunakan bentuk simple past tense karena situasi yang dilakukan adalah pada masa lalu sehingga kata kerja yang digunakan adalah bentuk II (simple past).
Untuk lebih jelasnya, silahkan dilihat pada teks narrative berikut ini,
Abdullah was one of the richest men in town, but you could easily mistake him for a beggar. It was his theory that since there were so many people out to rob a rich man, it was safe to pretend to be poor. And so he did.
But he really didn’t have to pretend. Stingy to the core he found it very easy to be poor. So what if people sniggered and children called out, “Kanjoos! Kanjoos!” (miser, miser), whenever he passed by in his worn-out clothes. Abdullah became more and more content with his growing pile of money as the years went by.
One day, he bought a huge lump of gold with all the money he had amassed. He dug a hole in the ground near an unused well and buried the gold there. He was sure that no thief would be able to find that place. With this happy thought, Abdullah checked on his treasure daily.
But can you really keep a hiding place hidden if you looked at it every day? Before long, the town was whispering about Abdullah’s mysterious visits to the unused well in the dead of the night. It wasn’t long before a curious soul discovered the gold, let out a yell of joy and ran away with the miser’s treasure.
Naturally, on his next visit, Abdullah found the hole empty. He began howling with grief and soon a crowd had assembled. They watched him grieve the way people mourn the loss of a dear one.
Finally, a neighbor came forward and asked him to stop it. “You want your gold? Just pick up a heavy stone and drop it in the hole. Pretend it is the gold you lost.”
“How can you make fun of me at a time like this,” wailed the stricken man.
“I’m not making fun of you, friend!” said the wise neighbor. “How did you use the gold while it was here, except gaze at it every day? You could do the same with a stone.”
Abdullah was silenced.
(adopted from www.pitara.com)
Sebagai bahan latihan, berikut sudah kami siapkan Soal berkaitan dengan penerapan bentuk simple past tense dalam narrative text. Terdapat satu text dalam 15 buat soal yang bisa dikerjakan secara online. Skor pencapaian akan muncul setelah selesai mengerjakan latihan. Selamat Berlatih.
Text for number 1 -8
Grasshopper and Toad … (1) to be good friends. One day Toad … (2) to Grasshopper, “Dear friend, tomorrow … (3) and dine at my house. My wife and I … (4) prepare a special meal and we will eat it together.”
The next day Grasshopper … (5) at Toad’s house. Before sitting down to eat, Toad … (6) his forelegs, and invited Grasshopper to do the same. Grasshopper did so, and it made a loud noise.
“Friend Grasshopper, can’t you leave your chirping behind. I … (7) eat with such a noise,” said Toad.
Grasshopper … (8) to eat without rubbing his forelegs together, but it was impossible. Each time he gave a chirp, Toad complained and asked him to be quiet.
Text 2 for number 9 -15
Grasshopper … (9) angry and could not eat. Finally, he said to Toad, “I … (10) you to my house for dinner, tomorrow.”
The next day, Toad arrived at Grasshopper’s home. As soon as the meal was ready, Grasshopper washed his forelegs, and invited Toad to do the same. Toad did so, and then hopped toward the food.
“You had better go back and wash again,” said Grasshopper. “All that hopping in the dirt has made your forelegs dirty again.” Toad … (11) back to the water jar, washed again, then hopped back to the table, and was ready to reach out for some food from one of the platters when Grasshopper … (12) him: “Please don’t put your dirty paws into the food. Go and wash them again.”
Toad was furious. “You just don’t want me to eat with you!” he cried. “You … (13) very well that I must use my paws and forelegs in hopping about. I cannot help it if they … (14) a bit dirty between the water jar and the table.”
Grasshopper responded, “You are the one who started it yesterday. You know I cannot rub my forelegs together without making a noise.”
From then on, they …(15) no longer friends.