- Orientation, memberikan informasi tentang latar cerita yaitu siapa saja yang terlibat dalam cerita, kapan peristiwa terjadi, di mana peristiwa terjadi, dan apa yang terjadi pada waktu itu.
- Events, rangkaian urutan peristiwa yang terjadi secara kronologis (sesuai urutan waktu).
- Reorientation, penutup cerita atau akhir cerita. Penutup cerita dapat berupa komentar pribadi tentang kejadian yang diceritakan.
- Bentuk past tense karena peristiwa cerita terjadi di waktu lampau;
- Personal participant, seperti I, my group, etc;
- Action verbs (material processes), seperti look, go, change, etc.;
- Linking verb, seperti was, were, saw, heard, etc.
- Kata sifat atau keterangan untuk merinci orang, binatang, tempat
- atau tindakan (action); dan
- Conjunction dan time connectives yang berkenaan dengan waktu, seperti then, first, etc.
Last year, I … (1) to a dance party. In the middle of the party, I … (2) a guy that I had a crush on. To … (3) his attention, I went to the stage and started to dance with my friends. It … (4) my first dance and I was so busy dancing that I … (5) attention to anything else. I didn’t realize that I got too close to the rim of the stage. Suddenly, I … (6) and fell of the stage. The music … (7) for a while and everyone … (8), including the guy that I had a crush on. I felt so stupid. It was a dance party that I would never forget.
Steven Paul Jobs … (9) on 24 February 1955 in San Francisco, California. He … (10) Homestead High School in Cupertino California and went to Reed College in Portland Oregon in 1972 but … (11) after only one semester, staying on to “drop in” on courses that interested him.
He … (12) a job with video game manufacturer Atari to raise enough money for a trip to India. Then he … (13) back in Cupertino and … (14) his old friend Steve Wozniak. Wozniak was building his own computer and in 1976 Jobs … (15) 50 of the as-yet unmade computers to a local store and managed to buy the components on credit solely on the strength of the order, enabling them to build the Apple I without any funding at all.
Selamat Berlatih dan Semoga Bermanfaat