Teks narrative merupakan teks yang bertujuan untuk </span >menghibur pembaca dengan pengalaman nyata atau khayal (</span >to entertain/ amuse the readers and to deal with actual or variuous experience</i > ). Ciri- ciri dalam teks narrative adalah adanya unsur konflik ( masalah) dan penyelesaian ( resolusi). Jumlah permasalahan yang dijabarkan bisa saja satu atau lebih dari satu.</span >
Ada beberapa tipe dalam narrative teks, biasanya teks tersebut bersifat fiksi, fakta , atau gabungan antara keduanya. Cerita dalam narrative teks bisa berbentuk cerita peri ( fairy stories), misteri ( mysteries), fiksi ilmiah ( science fiction), roman, cerita horor, cerita petualangan, fabel, mitos dan legenda, sejarah, balad, penggalan kisah hidup seseorang, ataupun pengalaman pribadi.
Struktur teks Narrative antara lain,</o:p >
Orientation ( Latar; Tokoh, waktu, dan tempat)</span >
Evaluation ( sifatnya opsional)</span >
Complication ( pengembangan konflik)</span >
Resolution ( penyelesaian konflik)</span >
Reorientation ( sifatnya opsional)</span >
Ciri- ciri kebahasaan dalam teks narrative adalah sebagai berikut;</o:p >
Focus on spesific participants</span ></i >
Use of past tense
Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances</span ></i >
Use of material ( or action) process</span ></i >
Use of relational and mental process.</span >
Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, misalnya housework, stepsisters</span >
Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase, misalnya: two red apples, old wood house</span >
Time connectives and conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian misalnya then, before that, dsb.</span >
Adverbs and adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya here, in the wood, happily ever after, dsb.</span >
Action verbs dalam past tense, misalnya lived, stayed, left, dsb.</span >
Saying verbs</span ></i > yang menandai ucapan seperti said</span ></span >
Berikut ini adalah contoh dari teks narrative</b >.</span >
Contoh Teks Narrative
Soal- soal narrative text biasanya mencakup pertanyaan seputar menentukan gambaran umum, menemukan informasi tertentu, menentukan pikiran utama paragraf, menentukan informasi rinci baik tersirat maupun tersurat, menentukan makna kata</i > seperti persamaan dan lawan kata serta menentukan nilai moral dalam teks tersebut.
Contoh Soal Narrative Text
Untuk melengkapi pembahasan Narrative Text, berikut contoh soal narrative text yang langsung bisa dikerjakan secara online. Soal berjumlah dua puluh butir dengan nilai atau skor akan terlihat saat sudah menyelesaikan latihan soal.
Once a man sold his well to a farmer. Next day when a farmer went to draw the water from that well, the man did not allow him to draw the water from it. He said, “I have sold you the well, not the water, so you cannot draw the water from the well.”
The farmer became very sad and came to the Emperor’s court. He described everything to the Emperor and asked for the justice. The Emperor called Birbal and handed over this case to him. Birbal called the man who sold the well to the farmer. Birbal asked, “Why don’t you let him use the water of the well. You have sold the well to the farmer.” The man replied, “Birbal, I have sold the well to the farmer, not the water. He has no right to draw the water from the well.”
Then Birbal smiled and said to him, “Good, but look, since you have sold the well to this farmer, and you claim that water is yours, then you have no right to keep your water in the farmer’s well. Either you pay rent to the farmer to keep your water in his well, or you take that out of his well immediately.”
The man understood, that his trick has failed. Birbal has outwitted him.
1. What is the text about?
A farmer and witty birbal
A smart man and a farmer
An emperor and a witty birbal
A farmer and an emperor
2. Why didn’t the man let the farmer use the water from the well?
Because the man needed the water for himself
Because there was no water in the well
Because the man obeyed what the emperor said
Because the man thought that he had sold the well but the water was not involved
3. What is the moral value of the text?
Stealing is not a good thing, you can always use your brain and ease out of the difficult situations.
Don’t try to cheat because you will end up paying for it regardless of how smart you think you are.
One who desires more, loses all. One should remain satisfied with what one gets
Do not just blindly walk in to anything without thinking
Text 2 for number 4 -7
Once upon a time Sammy and his sister Marie visited their grandparents at their farm. Sammy picked up a slingshot to play with out in the woods. He practiced in the woods but he could never hit the target. Getting a little discouraged, he headed back for the lunch. As he was walking back he saw Grandma’s pet duck.
Just out of impulse, he let the slingshot fly which hit the duck square in the head and killed it. He was shocked and grieved. In a panic, he hid the dead duck in the pile of woods. Marie had seen it all from the window but she said nothing. After the lunch, the next day Grandma said, “Marie, let’s wash the dishes.” Marie said, “But Grandma, Sammy told me he wanted to help in the kitchen.”
Then she whispered to Sammy, “Remember the duck?” Sammy got nervous knowing his sister knew about the duck and if he doesn’t obey, she may tell his grandparents about it. So without saying anything he did the dishes.
Later that day, Grandpa asked if the children wanted to go fishing but Grandma said, “I’m sorry but I need Marie to help make a supper.” Marie just smiled and said, “Well that’s all right because Sammy told me he wanted to help.”
She whispered again to Johnny, “Remember the duck?” So Marie went fishing and Sammy stayed to help. After several days of Marie taking advantage of Sammy, he finally couldn’t stand it any longer. He came to Grandma and confessed that he had killed the duck.
Grandma knelt down, gave him a hug and said, “Sweetheart, I know. I was standing at the window and I saw the whole thing but because I love you, I forgave you. I was just wondering how long you would let Marie take advantage of you.”
Source : http://www.moralstories.org
4. What does the text mainly talk about?
A little boy and a duck
A little boy in a slingshot
A reckless little boy
A brave little boy
5. Why didn’t Sammy tell to his grandmother that he had killed the duck? Because ….
He was relieved that he could hit the target
He was afraid of saying about the duck
He did not want to tell about it
He wanted to tell abouth the truth later
6. What is the moral value of the story?
Practice makes perfect
What is bad in one case may be good in another
Don’t trust people easily
You should confess of your mistakes
Text 3 for number 7 -10
Once upon a time there was a traveler who went to a distant town. It almost midnight when he got the town. He came to an inn but the inn was locked. He tried to knock at the door.
“Who are you? What do you want?” asked a voice from inside the inn. “The door cannot be unlocked at such an odd hour.”
The traveler needed a rest, food and shelter. He begged, “ Please, unlock the door. How cold it is outside.”
The innkeeper replied,” it’s strange lock and can be opened only with a silver key.”
Because of his needs and the terrible condition outside, the traveler finally obeyed about what innkeeper said and passed a silver coin through a slit in the door. Then he got the door unlocked and entered into the inn.
“I have left one of my bags outside”said the traveler.” Will you please bring it in?”
No sooner the inkeeper had gone out and the traveler locked the door from inside. The greedy inkeeper was outside and shut on. He requested to unlock the door to the traveler.
The traveler replied, “ I’m helpless, it’s a strange lock and can be opened only with a silver key.”
The inkeeper was required to push a silver coin though the slit. The traveler got back his silver coin and unlock the door.
(Taken from : Angel’s Moral Stories)
7. What is the story about?
A traveler going to a distant town
A wicked traveler and a helpless traveler
A greedy inkeeper and a smart traveler
a traveler who came from a distant town
8. It can be referred from the text that ….
Inn was unlocked when the traveler came
The traveler finally got back his silver coin from the inkeeper
The traveler brought all of his bags inside
The silver coin was given after the door opened
9. What is the moral value of the story above?
Revenge is a bad thing to apply in every condition
We should prepare well when we travel
Don’t underestimate to someone
Smart person always beats greedy person
10. The traveler finally obeyed about what innkeeper said and passed a silver coin through a slit in the door…. his needs and the terrible condition outside.
Text 4 for number 11 -13
Many thousands of years ago, a man and his wife lived in the Philippines, they were called Angngalo and Angngarab. One morning, they went to gather some shellfish. Inside one, they found a pearl. It was an unusual yellow colour and very large. Angngalo gave it to Angngarab. “Oh!” she said, “I can find many more pearls than you!” Soon they were quarrelling and shouting at each other. They ran along the seashore looking for shellfish. Before, they had a big pile in front of them. They pulled open the shells and looked in them for pearls. “I’ve got more pearls than you!” shouted Angngalo.
“No, you haven’t!” answered Angngarab. “Anyway, my pearls are bigger than yours!” Soon, they were fighting. They threw the shells and pearls at each other. (That is why there are so many shells and pearls in the Philippines) They rolled on the ground and stamped their feet. There was aloud “Boom!” and “Crack!”. The mountains and hills began to split. The water in the rivers and lakes flooded the land. They still continued fighting. Suddenly, there was a great storm, with thunder lighting. The land broke into several parts. Luzon was in the north, the Visayan Islands were in the middle, and Mindanao in the south. Because of this, there are now over seven thousand islands in the Philippines.
11. What is the text about?
a story about pearls
A legend of Philippines archipelago
A legend of seven thousand islands
Two friends who never stopped arguing
12. What can we learn from the story?
There will be consequence over an action
Anger will never be a solution of a problem
A litre of salt means nothing compared to the sea
True friends will come in need not when they need
13. What did Angngalo and Angngarab argue upon?
The pile of shell they got
The pearl they searched for
The place to find pearl
The amount of pearls they found
Text 4 for number 14 -17
Once upon a time, old and poor Mr. Haktak found a large brass pot in his garden. He decided to put his purse in it. Then, he carried it home. Mrs. Haktak was very happy with that pot. Suddenly, her hairpin fell into the pot. Mrs. Haktak reached and pulled out two hairpins and two purses. What a magic pot! Then they began to drop items into it and soon had two of everything.
One day, Mr. Haktak went to a market. At home, Mrs. Haktak did house works then rested for a while. She stooped over that pot to look inside. At that moment, Mr. Haktak kicked the door open because his hands were full of packages. Bang! Mrs. Haktak lost her balance and fell into that pot. Mr. Haktak found that he had two of Mrs. Haktak. This presented a problem.
Finally, Mr Haktak got an idea. He fell into that pot and soon there were two Mr. Haktak. Two new Haktaks became husband and wife. All of them became friends and built two identical houses with identical furniture.
14. Why is the text written?
to amuse the readers
to explain how the pot worked
to describe how to solve the problem
to tell about Mr. and Mrs. Haktak’s life
15. What made the couple start to drop items into the pot?
They already knew the magic of the pot since the beginning.
When Mr. Haktak accidentally made his wife plunged into the pot
Mrs. Haktak found two purses in it after she dropped her purse
After Mr. Haktak found it in the garden when he trimmed the grass
16. It can be concluded from the story that ….
it is better for us to knock on the door first before entering
we have to be smart in solving a problem
we should be grateful of what we have
an idea can suddenly come up to our mind
17. The complication of the story is ….
Mr. Haktak did not help Mrs. Haktak with the house works
There was a magic pot found in the garden
There were two of Mrs. Haktak
Mr. Haktak kicked the door after shopping in the market
Text 5 for number 18 -20
One morning, a fool woke up and thought he needed a donkey. He went to a town. There were many donkeys in a donkey stall. Then, he decided to buy one donkey with long, floppy, silky ears.
Along the way home, two boys saw him. Those boys thought that they could steal that donkey from the fool. One boy took the rope around donkey’s neck then put it around his neck and followed the fool. Another boy led that donkey back to a stall and sold it. The fool didn’t even notice it.
When they arrived at home, the fool shocked. He bought a donkey but he got a boy; he asked why. That boy told him that he had been rude to his mother. Then Evil had turned him into a donkey. The fool asked that boy to promise not to be rude to his mother again then let him go.
Next morning, the fool woke up and thought he needed a donkey. He went to the town. There were many donkeys in a donkey stall. Among all donkeys he noticed there was one donkey with long, floppy, silky ears. He knew that donkey. He went over to it and whispered: “You, foolish boy, I said never be rude to your mother again!”
18. What is the purpose of the text?
to tell past events
to describe something
to explain how something is happened
to give amusement
19. What did “the fool” do after he woke up?
He bought a donkey
He went for a town
He chose a donkey he wanted
He met two boys
20. Who was actually the character of the story?
A male donkey
A fool boy
A disobedient boy